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Study shows correlation between childhood infections and increased risk of mental disorders

first_img Source:http://www.au.dk/ Reviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Dec 6 2018A new study from iPSYCH shows that the infections children contract during their childhood increase the risk of mental disorders during childhood and adolescence. This knowledge expands our understanding of the role of the immune system in the development of mental disorders.High temperatures, sore throats and infections during childhood can increase the risk of also suffering from a mental disorder as a child or adolescent. This is shown by the first study of its kind to follow all children born in Denmark between 1 January 1995 and 30 June 2012. The researchers have looked at all infections that have been treated from birth and also at the subsequent risk of childhood and adolescent psychiatric disorders.”Hospital admissions with infections are particularly associated with an increased risk of mental disorders, but so too are less severe infections that are treated with medicine from the patient’s own general practitioner,” says Ole Köhler-Forsberg from Aarhus University and Aarhus University Hospital’s ?Psychoses Research Unit. He is one of the researchers behind the study.The study showed that children who had been hospitalized with an infection had an 84 per cent increased risk of suffering a mental disorder and a 42 per cent increased risk of being prescribed medicine to treat mental disorders. Furthermore, the risk for a range of specific mental disorders was also higher, including psychotic disorders, OCD, tics, personality disorders, autism and ADHD.”This knowledge increases our understanding of the fact that there is a close connection between body and brain and that the immune system can play a role in the development of mental disorders. Once again research indicates that physical and mental health are closely connected,” says Ole Köhler-Forsberg.Highest risk following an infectionThe study has just been published in JAMA Psychiatry and is a part of the Danish iPSYCH psychiatry project.Related StoriesStudy offers clues about how to prevent brain inflammation in Alzheimer’sWearing a hearing aid may mitigate dementia riskAn active brain and body associated with reduced risk of dementia”We also found that the risk of mental disorders is highest right after the infection, which supports the infection to some extent playing a role in the development of the mental disorder,” says Ole Köhler-Forsberg.It therefore appears that infections and the inflammatory reaction that follows afterwards can affect the brain and be part of the process of developing severe mental disorders. This can, however, also be explained by other causes, such as some people having a genetically higher risk of suffering more infections and mental disorders.The new knowledge could have importance for further studies of the immune system and the importance of infections for the development of a wide range of childhood and adolescent mental disorders for which the researchers have shown a correlation. This is the assessment of senior researcher on the study, Research Director Michael Eriksen Benrós from the Psychiatric Centre Copenhagen at Copenhagen University hospital.”The temporal correlations between the infection and the mental diagnoses were particularly notable, as we observed that the risk of a newly occurring mental disorder was increased by 5.66 times in the first three months after contact with a hospital due to an infection and were also increased more than twofold within the first year,” he explains.Michael Eriksen Benrós stresses that the study can in the long term lead to increased focus on the immune system and how infections play a role in childhood and adolescent mental disorders.”It can have a consequence for treatment and the new knowledge can be used in making the diagnosis when new psychiatric symptoms occur in a young person. But first and foremost it corroborates our increasing understanding of how closely the body and brain are connected,” he says.last_img read more

New study reveals potential benefits of cEEG monitoring for infant ICU patients

first_imgReviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Dec 13 2018A recent retrospective study evaluating continuous electroencephalography (cEEG) of children in intensive care units (ICUs) found a higher than anticipated number of seizures. The work also identified several conditions closely associated with the seizures, and suggests that cEEG monitoring may be a valuable tool for helping to identify and treat neurological problems in patients who are 14 months old or younger.”The retrospective analysis was conducted by a team of engineers, who were able to make use of robust statistical methodologies to control for observational bias,” says Julie Swann, co-author of a paper on the work. “It was possible due to a long-standing partnership with institutions such as Children’s Healthcare of Atlanta and Emory University, which had been collecting data on a large cohort of pediatric patients receiving continuous monitoring. Among other things, this allowed us to identify a risk threshold of 14 months. Patients younger than 14 months were at much higher risk of having seizures.” Swann is department head and A. Doug Allison Distinguished Professor of the Fitts Department of Industrial and Systems Engineering at North Carolina State University.EEGs measure electrical activity in the brain, and are often used to detect potential neurological problems. Conventional EEGs usually last less than an hour, but cEEGs allow health care providers to monitor brain activity for hours or days. However, cEEGs are not in widespread use, due to the expense of related hardware and software and costs associated with having the skilled personnel needed to monitor and interpret cEEG data.”One reason for the study is that there has been very little research to determine whether cEEG would be a worthwhile investment for monitoring young children,” says Pinar Keskinocak, Ph.D., who co-authored the paper. “Even harder is to determine whom to monitor, where our results suggest some of the risk factors to consider.”Our main finding is the unexpectedly high prevalence of mostly non-symptomatic seizures in very young children,” says Keskinocak, the William W. George Chair and Professor in Georgia Tech’s Stewart School of Industrial Engineering and the director of the Center for Health and Humanitarian Systems at Georgia Tech. “Non-symptomatic seizures are those that can be detected with an EEG, but that do not present any outward, physical symptoms. Children over the age of 14 months had an overall seizure rate of 18 percent. However, we found that children aged 14 months and younger had an overall seizure rate of 45 percent.”Related StoriesResearch sheds light on sun-induced DNA damage and repairPosterior parietal cortex plays crucial role in making decisions, research showsWearing a hearing aid may mitigate dementia risk”In addition, we found that – for these younger patients – seizures were often associated with one of the following conditions: hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, intracranial hemorrhage or central nervous system infection,” says Dr. Larry Olson of Children’s Healthcare of Atlanta and Emory University.”In fact, those conditions were associated with 61 percent of the seizure patients we identified who were under 14 months old,” says Dr. Atul Vats, also of Children’s Healthcare of Atlanta and Emory University.”All of this is important because it means that cEEG may have value in helping to diagnose neurological problems in young patients,” Swann says. “And early diagnosis could help ensure that patients get treatment in a timely way, which would – hopefully – improve outcomes. Only an interventional study could demonstrate that. Maybe these findings will pave the way for that work.”The retrospective study analyzed data on 517 children who were monitored by cEEG. All of the children were ICU patients. Because the children had been selected for cEEG monitoring, they likely presented a higher risk of neurological problems than the general population, which should be taken into account when evaluating the seizure prevalence data.”Hospitals have started recognizing the value of detecting and preventing seizures to improve patient outcomes,” Keskinocak says. “The investment needed towards cEEG monitoring may be substantial. This study indicates that those expenditures may be warranted. We hope that it encourages researchers to pursue studies that could determine whether cEEG monitoring could improve health outcomes for the youngest ICU patients.” Source:https://news.ncsu.edu/2018/12/ceeg-monitoring-for-infants/last_img read more

Honey as high in sugars as table sugar

first_imgBy Kate Bass, B.Sc.May 2 2019Reviewed by Kate Anderton, B.Sc. (Editor)New research by the charity Action on Sugar suggests that consumers are being misled into believing that honey and syrups are a healthy alternative to sugar. The charity analyzed a range of sugar, honey and syrup products in an effort to highlight how much sugar they contain.Olga Miltsova | ShutterstockWhile honey and natural syrups are less processed, contain more nutrients, and often have a better glycaemic index, they still contribute to daily sugar intake and this is not being made clear to consumers, say the charity.At present, there are no approved health and nutrition claims for honey. Despite this, it is still being promoted as a healthy sweetener, causing misinformed consumers to use it excessively.Like processed sugar, honey is a source of glucose and fructose. Although it has a lower proportion of glucose than sugar, it is actually more calorific. Another issue is honey fraud, where only a small proportion of the product is real honey, and the rest is a sugar syrup. This problem is widespread and sugar syrups do not contain the beneficial nutrients associated with honey.‘Misleading’ claimsAction on Sugar, based at Queen Mary University of London, recently analyzed 223 honeys, sugars and syrups that are widely available in UK supermarkets and branded as a healthy alternative to sugar. They found that honey can comprise up to 86% added sugar and that adding a teaspoon of honey (6mg) to a cup of tea is equivalent to one teaspoon of sugar (4g). For reference, the maximum day sugar intake for an adult is 30g, which is about 7 teaspoons.Action on Sugar also reported that products boasting the addition of honey often contain up to 25 times more table sugar than honey. The charity says that misleading product descriptions mean that consumers believe they are choosing a healthier option, not knowing that they are, in fact, consuming high amounts of sugar. The findings were ‘disappointing’Dr. Kawther Hashem, Campaign Lead at Action on Sugar, added “It’s disappointing that companies boast about products containing honey, knowing that honey and syrups are nearly as high in sugars as table sugar….This is to mislead customers into thinking the products are healthier and better than they really are. Our advice is to always opt for less sweetness by using less sugar, syrups and honey.”Honey and syrups are free sugars, just like table sugar, and need to be reduced in our diets. Action on Sugar is calling for all food and drink packaging to clearly display its true contribution to our daily free sugar intake and for Public Health England to educate consumers about free sugars, including those from honey.About Action on SugarAction on Sugar is a group of specialists concerned with sugar and its effects on health. It is working with the food industry and the Government to clarify the labelling of sugar content and reduce the amount of sugar in processed foods. Poor nutrition labelling, misleading marketing claims, and mixed messages from well-meaning food bloggers and chefs, mean customers are rightly confused…Too many calories from all types of sugars contribute to increasing risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes, various cancers, liver disease and tooth decay, all of which have devastating effects on health and wellbeing.”Katharine Jenner, Registered Nutritionist, Action on Sugarlast_img read more

Video Footage shows how drones can boost turtle conservation

Play Short video of turtle drone footage for social media usage (or other usage as required). Credit: University of Exeter UK pilots warn of disaster, seek tougher rules for drones A turtle taken by a drone. Credit: Jenell Black PausePlay% buffered00:0000:00UnmuteMuteDisable captionsEnable captionsSettingsCaptionsDisabledQuality0SpeedNormalCaptionsGo back to previous menuQualityGo back to previous menuSpeedGo back to previous menu0.5×0.75×Normal1.25×1.5×1.75×2×Exit fullscreenEnter fullscreen By providing new ways to track turtles over large areas and in hard-to-reach locations, the drones have quickly become a key resource for scientists.The research, led by the University of Exeter, also says stunning drone footage can boost public interest and involvement in turtle conservation.”Drones are increasingly being used to gather data in greater detail and across wider areas than ever before,” said Dr Alan Rees, of the Centre for Ecology and Conservation on the University of Exeter’s Penryn Campus in Cornwall.”Satellite systems and aircraft transformed turtle conservation, but drones offer cheaper and often better ways to gather information.”We are learning more about their behaviour and movements at sea, and drones also give us new avenues for anti-poaching efforts.”The paper warns that, despite the benefits, drones cannot fully replace ground work and surveys.And it says more research is required to understand if and how turtles perceive drones during flight, and whether this has an impact on them. Citation: Video: Footage shows how drones can boost turtle conservation (2018, February 28) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-02-video-footage-drones-boost-turtle.html Provided by University of Exeter A turtle taken by a drone. Credit: Nathan Robinson More information: AF Rees et al, The potential of unmanned aerial systems for sea turtle research and conservation: a review and future directions, Endangered Species Research (2017). DOI: 10.3354/esr00877 This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Drones are changing the face of turtle research and conservation, a new study shows. Explore further read more

Facebook to stop spending against California privacy effort

© 2018 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. House panel says Facebook’s Zuckerberg to testify April 11 Explore further The measure, known as the “California Consumer Privacy Act,” would require companies to disclose upon request what types of personal information they collect about someone and whether they’ve sold it. It also would allow customers to opt out of having their data sold.The company made the announcement Wednesday as chief executive Mark Zuckerberg underwent questioning from Congress about the handling of user data.Pressure has mounted on Facebook to explain its privacy controls following revelations that a Republican-linked firm conducted widespread data harvesting.Facebook had donated $200,000 to a committee opposing the initiative in California—part of a $1 million effort by tech giants to keep it off the November ballot.Facebook said it ended its support “to focus our efforts on supporting reasonable privacy measures in California.”Proponents of the ballot measure applauded the move.”We are thrilled,” said Mary Ross, president of Californians for Consumer Privacy.The California Chamber of Commerce and other groups are fighting to keep the measure off the ballot through the “Committee to Protect California Jobs.” Google, AT&T, Verizon and Comcast also contributed $200,000 each to that effort in February.Committee spokesman Steve Maviglio said the measure would hurt California’s economy.”It is unworkable and requires the internet in California to operate differently—limiting our choices, hurting our businesses, and cutting our connection to the global economy,” he said. Facebook says it will stop spending money to fight a proposed California ballot initiative aimed at giving consumers more control over their data. Citation: Facebook to stop spending against California privacy effort (2018, April 12) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-04-facebook-california-privacy-effort.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. read more

Watch out Bay Area the escooter revolution is coming to a sidewalk

Dockless bike-share hits US capital, following craze in China (Update) Then there it was, parked at the intersection of 4th Street and San Fernando, an electric scooter, the latest craze in urban transportation that is suddenly multiplying around Bay Area downtowns.”I was running late,” said the 21-year-old computer engineering student, “so why not?”With a quick click on an app and a flip of the kickstand, he was whizzing across the San Jose State University campus—and arriving with two minutes to spare.Watch out, Bay Area, the e-scooter revolution is here. In downtowns and near transit stations, the bright green or black electric scooters are zipping down bike lanes and sidewalks, delighting riders, startling pedestrians and catching city officials flat-footed.And, uh oh, two of them ended up last week in Oakland’s Lake Merritt.Depending on whom you ask, the rent-on-the-go, motorized scooters are either an accident-waiting-to-happen or the next phase of the new economy’s ingenious attempt at transforming transit as we know it. Just as with the shared bikes that preceded scooters, all you need to do is download the company’s app to find where one may be parked (internal GPS devices keep track of them), “unlock” it and pay for the ride, which costs $1 to get started, then 15 cents a minute.”It’s wonderful, it adds a whole lot more choices to get around and will help build a great community,” said Shiloh Ballard, executive director of the Silicon Valley Bicycle Coalition.In the last few of weeks, San Jose has joined Oakland and San Francisco as the latest city to become a scooter and bike-sharing battleground, where startups such as LimeBike (purveyor of the lime-green bikes and scooters) and Bird Rides (with the black e-scooters) are loaded with millions in venture capital money and are racing to market—sometimes with little or no advance warning.In other words, scoot first, ask permission later.”They just sort of appeared,” San Jose City Councilman said Raul Peralez of the hundreds of e-scooters that began popping up on street corners and transit malls in the last few weeks. “As with any disruptive technology comes the disruption.”BART has already cracked down on shared bikes, which are piling up on station platforms and blocking fare gates. Unlike the light blue Ford GoBikes, which are part of a partnership with Bay Area municipalities and transit agencies and require riders to “dock” the bikes at specified racks, the newer vehicles are “dockless” and enable riders to discard bikes and scooters just about anywhere. The companies redistribute bikes and scooters throughout the day so they don’t end up in one place. Batteries are swapped for recharging.In China and Europe, where more than 30 startups have flooded the markets and shared bikes are ubiquitous, photos of tangled piles of bikes on sidewalks or at the bottom of canals are easy to find online. San Mateo-based LimeBike, for one, says that it has lost about 1 percent of its fleet to mischief in the 60 cities and universities across the U.S. it is operating.But across the Bay Area, cities are fielding complaints from business owners who say the scooters are blocking doorways and sidewalks. Since the smart scooters are considered mechanized vehicles, they are banned from sidewalks and helmets are required by law. But nearly everyone is ignoring both rules.”We need to educate our community to think, ‘Hey we’re on a motorized scooter,’ ” said Ginger Jui of Bike East Bay, who’s seen more scooters on the Lakeshore Avenue sidewalks around Lake Merritt than on the designated bike path. “This is your role and responsibility not to ride on the sidewalk.”In San Jose, Lindy Stankov and Jaime Avalos, who both work in downtown San Jose, have been dodging the scooters since they were introduced at the end of March.”We’re nervous,” said Stankov, 57, who works at City Hall. “It’s just dangerous.”City leaders, meanwhile, are conflicted between trying to be receptive to the latest carbon-neutral innovation and keeping the streets safe for pedestrians—and they’re scrambling to get permits and rules in place before anyone gets hurt.”It’s new technology. It’s companies competing for the most ridership, and at the moment we don’t have a regulatory framework around it,” said Colin Heyne, public information manager for San Jose’s Department of Transportation.Bird—founded by former Lyft and Uber exec Travis VanderZanden—got off to a rocky start when it launched in Santa Monica in September and was charged with a misdemeanor by December for failing to secure proper permits and ignoring citations to remove its scooters from sidewalks. It settled with the city for $300,000 by February. One scooter rider there was injured in a collision with a car.When Bird launched in San Jose a couple of weeks ago, “they told us the day they dropped them off,” Heyne said.To smooth things over, Bird officials announced a revenue sharing plan with cities, offering to give $1 per scooter per day to help pay for new bike lanes, safety messaging and shared infrastructure maintenance.At the end of March, the city of San Francisco accused LimeBikes of “bad faith” for launching its service before the city had its permitting plan in place, even after indicating it would wait. LimeBike countered that it was a “limited pop-up program” and promised to share data on ridership to improve overall transportation planning.Soon, Bay Area cities will see more than just the lime green and black scooters. More startups are coming. Ofo, with its bright yellow and black bikes, says it is already working with the city of San Jose. JUMP e-bikes are in San Francisco.Dave Snyder, executive director of the California Bicycle Coalition, says cities still have a long way to go to reduce Californians’ reliance on cars. But shared bikes and scooters are a good addition, despite the early problems.”They’re in a struggle for market share right now,” he said. “They can’t all survive.” This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. ©2018 The Mercury News (San Jose, Calif.) Distributed by Tribune Content Agency, LLC. Explore further When Harman Ghotra woke up late, dashed out the door and realized he had four minutes to get across campus to deliver a paper to his statistics professor, the calculations started spinning through his mind. Walk to class: Eight minutes. Run? Too much trouble. Citation: Watch out, Bay Area, the e-scooter revolution is coming to a sidewalk near you (2018, April 12) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-04-bay-area-e-scooter-revolution-sidewalk.html read more

Deep learning comes full circle

Explore further Dissecting artificial intelligence to better understand the human brain Provided by Stanford University Although not explicitly designed to do so, certain artificial intelligence systems seem to mimic our brains’ inner workings more closely than previously thought, suggesting that both AI and our minds have converged on the same approach to solving problems. If so, simply watching AI at work could help researchers unlock some of the deepest mysteries of the brain.”There’s a real connection there,” said Daniel Yamins, assistant professor of psychology. Now, Yamins, who is also a faculty scholar of the Stanford Neurosciences Institute and a member of Stanford Bio-X, and his lab are building on that connection to produce better theories of the brain – how it perceives the world, how it shifts efficiently from one task to the next and perhaps, one day, how it thinks.A vision problem for AIArtificial intelligence has been borrowing from the brain since its early days, when computer scientists and psychologists developed algorithms called neural networks that loosely mimicked the brain. Those algorithms were frequently criticized for being biologically implausible – the “neurons” in neural networks were, after all, gross simplifications of the real neurons that make up the brain. But computer scientists didn’t care about biological plausibility. They just wanted systems that worked, so they extended neural network models in whatever way made the algorithm best able to carry out certain tasks, culminating in what is now called deep learning.Then came a surprise. In 2012, AI researchers showed that a deep learning neural network could learn to identify objects in pictures as well as a human being, which got neuroscientists wondering: How did deep learning do it?The same way the brain does, as it turns out. In 2014, Yamins and colleagues showed that a deep learning system that had learned to identify objects in pictures – nearly as well as humans could – did so in a way that closely mimicked the way the brain processes vision. In fact, the computations the deep learning system performed matched activity in the brain’s vision-processing circuits substantially better than any other model of those circuits. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Around the same time, other teams made similar observations about parts of the brain’s vision– and movement-processing circuits, suggesting that given the same kind of problem, deep learning and the brain had evolved similar ways of coming up with a solution. More recently, Yamins and colleagues have demonstrated similar observations in the brain’s auditory system.On one hand, that’s not a big surprise. Although the technical details differ, deep learning’s conceptual organization is borrowed directly from what neuroscientists already knew about the organization of neurons in the brain.But the success of Yamins and colleagues’ approach and others like it depends equally as much on another, more subtle choice. Rather than try to get the deep learning system to directly match what the brain does at the level of individual neurons, as many researchers had done, Yamins and colleagues simply gave their deep learning system the same problem: Identify objects in pictures. Only after it had solved that problem did the researchers compare how deep learning and the brain arrived at their solutions – and only then did it become clear that their methods were essentially the same.”The correspondence between the models and the visual system is not entirely a coincidence, because one directly inspired the other,” said Daniel Bear, a postdoctoral researcher in Yamins’ group, “but it’s still remarkable that it’s as good a correspondence as it is.”One likely reason for that, Bear said, is natural selection and evolution. “Basically, object recognition was a very evolutionarily important task” for animals to solve – and solve well, if they wanted to tell the difference between something they could eat and something that could eat them. Perhaps trying to do that as well as humans and other animals do – except with a computer – led researchers to find essentially the same solution.Seek what the brain seeksWhatever the underlying reason, insights gleaned from the 2014 study led to what Yamins calls goal-directed models of the brain: Rather than try to model neural activity in the brain directly, instead train artificial intelligence to solve problems the brain needs to solve, then use the resulting AI system as a model of the brain. Since 2014, Yamins and collaborators have been refining the original goal-directed model of the brain’s vision circuits and extending the work in new directions, including understanding the neural circuits that process inputs from rodents’ whiskers.In perhaps the most ambitious project, Yamins and postdoctoral fellow Nick Haber are investigating how infants learn about the world around them through play. Their infants – actually relatively simple computer simulations – are motivated only by curiosity. They explore their worlds by moving around and interacting with objects, learning as they go to predict what happens when they hit balls or simply turn their heads. At the same time, the model learns to predict what parts of the world it doesn’t understand, then tries to figure those out.While the computer simulation begins life – so to speak – knowing essentially nothing about the world, it eventually figures out how to categorize different objects and even how to smash two or three of them together. Although direct comparisons with babies’ neural activity might be premature, the model could help researchers better understand how infants use play to learn about their environments, Haber said.On the other end of the spectrum, models inspired by artificial intelligence could help solve a puzzle about the physical layout of the brain, said Eshed Margalit, a graduate student in neurosciences. As the vision circuits in infants’ brains develop, they form specific patches – physical clusters of neurons – that respond to different kinds of objects. For example, humans and other primates all form a face patch that is active almost exclusively when they look at faces.Exactly why the brain forms those patches, Margalit said, isn’t clear. The brain doesn’t need a face patch to recognize faces, for example. But by building on AI models like Yamins’ that already solve object recognition tasks, “we can now try to model that spatial structure and ask questions about why the brain is laid out this way and what advantages it might give an organism,” Margalit said.Closing the loopThere are other issues to tackle as well, notably how artificial intelligence systems learn. Right now, AI needs much more training – and much more explicit training – than humans do in order to perform as well on tasks like object recognition, although how humans succeed with so little data remains unclear.A second issue is how to go beyond models of vision and other sensory systems. “Once you have a sensory impression of the world, you want to make decisions based on it,” Yamins said. “We’re trying to make models of decision making, learning to make decisions and how you interface between sensory systems, decision making and memory.” Yamins is starting to address those ideas with Kevin Feigelis, a graduate student in physics, who is building AI models that can learn to solve many different kinds of problems and switch between tasks as needed, something very few AI systems are able to do.In the long run, Yamins and the other members of his group said all of those advances could feed into more capable artificial intelligence systems, just as earlier neuroscience research helped foster the development of deep learning. “I think people in artificial intelligence are realizing there are certain very good next goals for cognitively inspired artificial intelligence,” Haber said, including systems like his that learn by actively exploring their worlds. “People are playing with these ideas.” Citation: Deep learning comes full circle (2018, May 7) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-05-deep-full-circle.html For years, the people developing artificial intelligence drew inspiration from what was known about the human brain, and it has enjoyed a lot of success as a result. Now, AI is starting to return the favor. Credit: CC0 Public Domain read more

Everything you need to know about Snapchat

first_img This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. If you have tweens or teens, you know about Snapchat. And if you can’t figure out how it works, you’re probably over 25. One of the most popular social media apps out there, Snapchat gives kids and teens what they really want: a simple way to share everyday moments while simultaneously making them look awesome. And unlike Facebook and Twitter, which record and broadcast everything you do, Snapchat uses messages that are meant to disappear (learn more about how they actually don’t). Like so many social media apps, Snapchat is a mixed bag, so it’s a good idea to understand how it works, how your kids use it and how much time they spend on it so you can make sure their experiences are positive. Credit: CC0 Public Domain Snapchat upgrades ‘Spectacles’ after first-generation flop ©2018 Common Sense Media Distributed by Tribune Content Agency, LLC. Explore further Citation: Everything you need to know about Snapchat (2018, June 18) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-06-snapchat.html HOW OLD DO YOU HAVE TO BE TO USE SNAPCHAT?According to the terms of service, users must be 13. You have to enter your birth date to set up an account, but there’s no age verification, so it’s easy for kids under 13 to sign up. Common Sense Media rates Snapchat OK for teens 16 and up, mainly because of the exposure to age-inappropriate content and the marketing ploys, such as quizzes, that collect data.DO MESSAGES REALLY DISAPPEAR ON SNAPCHAT?It depends. If you set a time limit on a snap, it will disappear after it’s viewed. However, recipients can take a screenshot of an image using their phones or a third-party screen-capture app. A phone screen-capture will notify the sender that the image was captured. But third-party apps don’t trigger a notification. For these reasons, it’s best teens understand that nothing done online is really temporary. Before sending a sexy or embarrassing snap of themselves or someone else, it’s important to remember that the picture could circulate the school by tomorrow morning.WHAT ARE SNAPSTREAKS?With a Snapstreaks, two users have snapped back and forth within a 24-hour period for three days in a row. Once you’ve established a streak, special emojis and statistics display next to the streakers’ names to show you how long you’ve maintained a streak. Why do they matter? For one thing, they add to your overall Snapchat score (basically a number that reflects how much you use the app). For another, they can occasionally become the most important thing in a kid’s life. Because of the intense bonds kids can form over social media, they can feel a Snapstreak is a measure of their friendship, and if they don’t keep it up they’ll let the other person down. Teens have even been known to give friends access to their Snapchat accounts to keep a streak going if they can’t do it themselves (for example, if their phone gets taken away for being online too much). This can lead to feelings of pressure, anxiety and compulsion, so it’s good to know if your kid has streaks going to get a window into why that selfie might feel really important.WHAT’S SNAP MAP?Snap Map displays your location on a map in real time. Only your Snapchat friends can see where you are. If your friends have opted into Snap Map, you can see their locations, too. (You can turn this off or use it in Ghost Mode, which allows you to see the map but not be seen by others.) Snap Map also features news and events from around the world—for example, a political rally in Nicaragua, which displays as an icon on a map of the world. The biggest risk with Snap Map is a teen having their location seen by all their friends—since some of their Snapchat contacts may not be real friends. Unless there’s a specific event and it makes it easier for friends to know each other’s location, it’s best to leave Snap Maps off or use it in Ghost Mode.WHAT’S A SNAPCHAT STORY?A story is a collection of moments in the form of pictures and videos that, taken together, create a narrative. (After Snapchat popularized the format, other social media services, including Facebook and Instagram, offered story-creation tools, too.) On Snapchat, stories appear as circles, and when you tap them, they autoplay the pictures or videos the user collected. You can create personal stories that your friends can view for a 24-hour period. Or, if you think your Snap is particularly interesting or newsworthy, you can send it to Our Story. Our Stories are kind of like mini-documentaries of events, holidays, game championships or other things happening in the world on a particular day. Snaps are curated and compiled by the company. While it’s cool to have your story added to Our Story, it’s also very public, so kids should think carefully before submitting one.WHAT’S A SNAPCODE?When you sign up, Snapchat gives you your own unique QR code. When you meet a fellow Snapchat user and want to friend each other, you can just take a snap of the other person’s code, and they’re automatically added to your friends list. Because it’s so easy to find friends on Snapchat (depending on your settings) or exchange codes, teens may end up with virtual strangers on their friends list. For a variety of reasons, that can be risky, so it’s best to talk to your teen about when it’s safe to add people.WHAT’S DISCOVER?Discover offers content created by celebrities, news and entertainment outlets, and other users. You can subscribe to specific Discover sources to receive their feeds. While Discover offers some legitimate news from publishers including the New York Times and Vice Media, the offerings can be promotional and are frequently mature. But if your kid has signed up with their correct birth date, they’ll miss the alcohol ads and other adult content that Snapchat filters out for underage users. Discover stories often feature promos prompting kids to “swipe up” to learn more (which usually leads to ads) or take a quiz (which is usually a marketing tool). This section runs the gamut from harmless to shocking, so it’s good to look around and get a sense of what your kids are seeing.WHAT ARE SNAPCHAT’S OTHER FEATURES?Snapchat is waaaay more than cute photos. The more you use the app, the more points you get and the higher your Snapchat score goes. Snapchat awards high scorers with trophies and other perks. Here are a few other Snapchat features:Face lenses and world lenses: If you’ve seen photos of people with cartoon cat ears and whiskers on their faces, those are face lenses. World lenses are augmented reality elements, such as rainbows, that you can add to a snap so it looks like it’s part of the photo. Technically, lenses are “overlays—and they cost money on Snapchat.Geo-filters: These are location-specific elements that can only be unlocked by visiting a specific place. Businesses use geo-filters as a way for customers to check in and advertise them. A kid could create a special geo-filter for their sweet-16 party for attendees to add to their photos.Snapcash: Like PayPal or Venmo, Snapcash lets users transfer money to each other.Memories: If you don’t want your snaps to disappear, you can store them to send later.Snapstore: This is exactly what it sounds like: a place to buy Snapchat-related items.Shazam: A feature that helps you identify a song.IS SNAPCHAT SAFE FOR TWEENS AND TEENS?Most kids use Snapchat to goof around and stay in contact with their friends—end of story. Yes, there’s some mature content, but it’s appropriate for most teens 16 and up. That said, there are three key risky areas:The myth of disappearing messages. When Snapchat first started, it was labeled “the sexting app” because people sent intimate photos, assuming they’d self-destruct. Any app can be misused, but a lot of kids mistakenly believe that Snapchat has a built-in Get Out of Jail Free card. Teens really need to understand that the content they share can be saved and shared and may never go away. It’s best to have this conversation before they download Snapchat, but it’s never too late. Talk about whether any of their friends have ever pressured them to send a sexy image and discuss why someone who would do that does not have your best interests at heart. Kids should also ask permission before sharing a picture of someone else.The time suck. Snapchat is a ton of fun to use, and there’s lots to discover on it. Snapstreaks and stories add a time-pressure element that makes kids feel like they have to check in. If it ever seems like your kid is stressing and not using the app for fun, it’s time to step in.Privacy and safety. Since it’s so easy to add friends in Snapchat, you can end up with lots of people you don’t know well on your friends list. And depending on your settings, the app can collect a ton of data about your habits in—and outside of—the app. Snapchat also works with a lot of third parties that they share your data with.HOW DO I MONITOR SNAPCHAT AND USE THE SETTINGS?The biggest challenge for parents is that there’s no way to see your kid’s activity in the app in the same way as on other social media platforms. Since there’s no feed to scroll, there’s not much to monitor. Instead, focus on the privacy settings. If you decide to say yes to Snapchat, sit down with your kid and together go into the app’s settings (the little gear icon next to your profile image). Scroll down to “Who Can …” This is where you can control important safety features such as who can see your location and who can view your story. This is a perfect time to talk to your kid about using their Snapchat account safely and responsibly. Discuss when and how often you’ll check in on how they’re using it and how they’re feeling about it. Explain that you understand that social media is important to them, and, at the same time, your role is to protect them. Don’t forget to ask your teen to show you some of their snaps and some of the cool features they like in the app. That’ll make it a little less scary for you—and send the message that you’re on the same team. In addition to letting you connect with and follow friends, Snapchat offers a lot more cool stuff: games, news and entertainment, quizzes and truly innovative photo- and video-editing tools (so innovative, in fact, it’s nearly impossible for grown-ups to figure them out—another reason kids love it).Something about snapping, sharing and then forgetting about life’s little moments has massive appeal for kids. And for the most part, that’s what they use Snapchat for. The app has a lighthearted design, and its photo filters and effects tend toward rainbows and flower crowns. But other features pose some risks: Snap Map lets friends see each other’s location on a map, which isn’t always safe; Snapstreaks requires kids to exchange messages for as long as possible, which is a major time-suck; and Discover offers some age-inappropriate content. With your guidance on privacy, safety, social media pressure and marketing, though, Snapchat can be a fun way for teens to connect.WHAT IS SNAPCHAT?Snapchat is a popular messaging app that lets users exchange pictures and videos (called snaps) that are meant to disappear after they’re viewed. It’s advertised as a “new type of camera” because the essential function is to take a picture or video, add filters, lenses or other effects and share them with friends.HOW DOES SNAPCHAT WORK?All you need to sign up is your name, an email address and your birth date. On Snapchat, users go by a handle, and Snapchatters gravitate toward silly names. To add friends, you can upload your contacts or search for people you know. You can also automatically add someone by taking a picture of their “Snapcode,” a special QR code unique to each user. After that, things get a little confusing. On Snapchat, photos—not text—usually start the communication. To begin a conversation, you tap the big camera circle and take a snap. There are all sorts of photo-editing tools (you have to experiment to figure out what they do) as well as filters to adorn your images. Once you customize your snap, you can send it to anyone in your friends list or add it to your story, which is a record of the day that your friends can view for 24 hours. Snapchat also offers group texting and group stories that everyone in the group can contribute to.last_img read more

US firm Chinese hackers infiltrated Cambodias politics

first_img In this July 7, 2018, file photo, supporters wait for the start of a campaign rally of Cambodian Prime Minister Hun Sen’s Cambodian People’s Party in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. A California-based security-research firm said Wednesday, July 11, 2018, that it found evidence that an elite Chinese government-linked hacking team has penetrated computer systems belonging to Cambodia’s election commission, opposition leaders and media in the months leading up to Cambodia’s July 29 election. (AP Photo/Heng Sinith, File) In this July 2, 2018 file photo, a woman uses a Chinese national flag to protect herself from the sun as she listens to Prime Minister Hun Sen who delivering his speech during an inauguration ceremony of a sky bridge funded by China for its official use in Phnom Penh, Cambodia. A California-based security-research firm said Wednesday, July 11, 2018, that it found evidence that an elite Chinese government-linked hacking team has penetrated computer systems belonging to Cambodia’s election commission, opposition leaders and media in the months leading up to Cambodia’s July 29 election. (AP Photo/Heng Sinith, File) © 2018 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. “They don’t go for credit card numbers of bank account numbers, they go for information that’s of use to a government,” Read said. “We saw them use the same infrastructure to target the Cambodia government and private companies. It suggests the Chinese government doesn’t draw a line between political espionage versus commercial espionage.”FireEye has previously found that TEAM.Periscope sought maritime technology from U.S. and European defense firms and other institutions with projects in the contested South China Sea.China’s Foreign Ministry said in a statement that it is not aware of TEAM.Periscope and resolutely opposes cyberattacks as a general principle. “China calls on the international community to combat cybersecurity threats on a respectful, equal and mutually beneficial basis,” it said.The Cambodian election commission was aware of Wednesday’s reports about the hacking, Hang, the commission’s spokesman said, and has filed a legal complaint to the Cambodian government.Government spokesman Phay Sophana said he was not aware of any specific cases of hacking attacks on state agencies. Cambodia would protect its online data, especially relating to national security, the election and financial matters, he added.The scope of FireEye’s findings on Wednesday did not include Taiwan. But Danielle Cave, a cyber policy analyst at the Australian Strategic Policy Institute who is not affiliated to FireEye, said China appears to be testing its cyber and covert influence capabilities on the self-ruled island Beijing claims as its territory. Kem suspected a trap set by Cambodian hackers seeking access to her computer. But a monthslong investigation by California security-research firm FireEye revealed that Kem was among several Cambodians likely targeted by a far more formidable actor: China.FireEye said Wednesday it found evidence that a Chinese hacking team it believes is linked to Beijing has penetrated computer systems belonging to Cambodia’s election commission, opposition leaders and media in the months leading up to Cambodia’s July 29 election. Investigators could not immediately tell what, if any, data had been stolen or altered.The Foreign Ministry in China has rejected these allegations.Although FireEye did not find evidence that the Chinese hackers are working to sway the Cambodian elections in the ruling party’s favor, the revelations may cast a murky geopolitical shadow over the elections critics already say will be neither free nor fair.Prime Minister Hun Sen, one of the world’s longest-serving rulers and a staunch ally of Beijing, faced what analysts predicted would have been a tight race before he jailed opposition leader Kem Sokha last year, accusing him of treason. Last month, the daughter of a jailed Cambodian opposition party leader received an email from a well-seeming activist at a reputed Cambodian non-profit. For weeks, the sender nudged Monovithya Kem to open an attachment described as containing interview questions. Cave said Taiwan has long been a target of campaigns by China that combine spreading propaganda favoring China with outright hacking to deface websites or pilfer data.In January, Taiwan prosecutors said they found evidence that China’s Taiwan Affairs Office promised to pay a Taiwanese politician $500,000 to run a website publishing articles promoting unification. China dismissed the allegations as “pure nonsense.”The website of Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen’s independence-leaning Democratic Progressive Party was defaced by hackers believed to be from China earlier this month. Kolas Yokata, a DPP legislator, told The Associated Press the party was investing in cybersecurity upgrades ahead of November, when Taiwan is expected to hold local elections that will serve as a referendum on the party’s grip on power.”We especially cannot accept that our elections could be manipulated,” Yokata said. FireEye says the group appears state-linked because it seems to be seeking information that would benefit the Chinese government. After the European Union and the United States withdrew their support for the election, China stepped in to donate $20 million to Cambodia’s National Election Committee, said Hang Puthea, a spokesman for the body. China also last year pledged $100 million in military aid.Monovithya Kem, the daughter of Kem Sokha and an official in his now-disbanded Cambodia National Rescue Party, said she has frequently been targeted by Cambodian hackers in the past, but the revelation of potential Chinese involvement shocked her.”To know that a foreign group is specifically trying to get information from me—now that’s scary,” Kem said by phone from Washington, where she is based. “What you’re dealing with is suddenly bigger.”FireEye’s head of cyberspying analysis Benjamin Read said malware-ridden files sent to Cambodian targets were traced by his team to an unsecured server operated by the Chinese hacking group TEAM.Periscope.On the hackers’ server, FireEye researchers found records showing that the group had compromised Cambodia’s election commission and several Cambodian ministries. The servers’ access logs in one instance traced to an IP address in China’s southern Hainan island, said Read, who described TEAM.Periscope as the second most active Chinese hacking group FireEye has traced. In this April 26, 2018, photo, visitors stand in front of an electronic data display showing a map of China at the Global Mobile Internet conference in Beijing. A California-based security-research firm said Wednesday, July 11, 2018, that it found evidence that an elite Chinese government-linked hacking team has penetrated computer systems belonging to Cambodia’s election commission, opposition leaders and media in the months leading up to Cambodia’s July 29 election. (AP Photo/Mark Schiefelbein) In this Sept. 12, 2017, file photo, an attendee looks at a digital representation of network connectivity at a vendor’s display booth at the China Internet Security Conference in Beijing. A California-based security-research firm said Wednesday, July 11, 2018, that it found evidence that an elite Chinese government-linked hacking team has penetrated computer systems belonging to Cambodia’s election commission, opposition leaders and media in the months leading up to Cambodia’s July 29 election. (AP Photo/Mark Schiefelbein, File) Citation: US firm: Chinese hackers infiltrated Cambodia’s politics (2018, July 11) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-07-firm-chinese-hackers-infiltrated-cambodia.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

Social media manipulation rising globally new report warns

first_imgCredit: CC0 Public Domain The manipulation of public opinion over social media platforms has emerged as a critical threat to public life. Around the world, government agencies and political parties are exploiting social media platforms to spread junk news and disinformation, exercise censorship and control, and undermine trust in media, public institutions and science. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Citation: Social media manipulation rising globally, new report warns (2018, July 20) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-07-social-media-globally.html More information: comprop.oii.ox.ac.uk/research/cybertroops2018/ Explore further Provided by University of Oxford Now, a new report from the Oxford Internet Institute (OII) at Oxford University, has found that despite efforts to combat computational propaganda, the problem is growing at a large scale.”The number of countries where formally organised social media manipulation occurs has greatly increased, from 28 to 48 countries globally,” says Samantha Bradshaw, co-author of the report. “The majority of growth comes from political parties who spread disinformation and junk news around election periods. There are more political parties learning from the strategies deployed during Brexit and the US 2016 Presidential election: more campaigns are using bots, junk news, and disinformation to polarise and manipulate voters.”This is despite efforts by governments in many democracies introducing new legislation designed to combat fake news on the internet. “The problem with this is that these ‘task forces’ to combat fake news are being used as a new tool to legitimise censorship in authoritarian regimes,” says Professor Phil Howard, co-author and lead researcher on the OII’s Computational Propaganda project. “At best, these types of task forces are creating counter-narratives and building tools for citizen awareness and fact-checking.”Another challenge is the evolution of the mediums individuals use to share news and information. “There is evidence that disinformation campaigns are moving on to chat applications and alternative platforms,” says Bradshaw. “This is becoming increasingly common in the Global South, where large public groups on chat applications are more popular.”Automated bot accounts still continue to be a well-used tactic. Online commentators and fake accounts are used to spread pro-party messages, as well as being used to strategically share content or post using keywords to game algorithms and get certain content trending. They are also being used to report legitimate content and accounts on a mass scale, causing them to be taken down temporarily. “We suspect new innovation will continue to emerge as platforms and governments take legal and regulatory steps to curb this type of activity,” says Howard.Overall, the use of organised social media manipulation campaigns is a big business. “We estimate that tens of millions of dollars are spent on this type of activity,” says Howard. “Some of the money may be spent on legitimate advertising on social media, but there is certainly a growing industry for fake accounts, online commentators, and political bots.” More governments manipulate media with ‘bots,’ trolls: studylast_img read more

WTO confirms US failed to fully comply over Boeing subsidies

first_img This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Explore further Citation: WTO confirms US failed to fully comply over Boeing subsidies (2019, March 28) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-03-wto-fully-comply-boeing-subsidies.html WTO says EU has failed to stop illegal Airbus subsidies The finding by the WTO appeals body was the latest blow in the decade-long clash between the titans of the aviation industry, which has seen both Airbus and Boeing score points along the way.The WTO ruled in March 2012 that billions of dollars of subsidies to Boeing were illegal and notified the United States to end them.But just a few months later, the European Union filed a new complaint with the global trade body, alleging Washington was not complying with that order.In a ruling published in June 2017, the WTO said the US had brought 28 of 29 programmes into compliance, but agreed with Brussels that Washington had not taken “appropriate steps to remove the adverse effects or… withdraw the subsidy” in the case of Washington State.Both the EU and the US appealed that finding to the WTO Appellate Body, which on Thursday echoed the 2017 finding, although it appeared to take a harsher line against the American side.It found there were other subsidy programmes, including in South Carolina, which did not conform with the 2012 ruling. In several, the body said it could not complete the legal analysis to determine if the subsidies had an adverse effect on competitors’ sales.Billions in sanctions?Both sides claimed victory.EU Commissioner for Trade Cecilia Malmstrom said the ruling confirmed “our view the US has continued to subsidise Boeing despite WTO rulings to the contrary.””European companies must be able to compete on fair and equal terms and today’s ruling is important in this respect,” she added.US Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer insisted “the United States does not provide support even remotely comparable to the exceptionally large and harmful EU subsidies to Airbus.”The EU was also reprimanded by the WTO during the tit-for-tat conflict between Airbus and Boeing, and the US aircraft maker suggested last year that billions in sanctions might be applied against the bloc. Airbus, meanwhile, warned Thursday that without a settlement, the US “will face billions in countermeasures.”Boeing issued a separate statement, hailing the WTO appeals body for rejecting “every allegation of unlawful subsidies to Boeing with the single exception of one measure,” in reference to Washington State.It vowed to “fully comply with today’s ruling” and said it trusted that “our example will prompt Airbus and the European Union to immediately bring themselves into full compliance” with other WTO rulings.The WTO, which aims to create a level playing field in global trade, does not have the ability to force compliance with its rulings, but can approve retaliatory measures which in theory can pressure trade manipulators to fall into line.center_img The World Trade Organization (WTO) ruled Thursday that Washington failed to fully comply with a 2012 order to halt subsidies to Boeing, marking a partial victory for rival aircraft-maker Airbus and the EU. © 2019 AFP The World Trade Organization ruled in March 2012 that billions of dollars of subsidies to Boeing were illegal and notified the United States to bring them to an endlast_img read more

IPO mania Zoom zooms Pinterest pins down Wall Street

first_imgZoom CEO Eric Yuan, center, celebrates the opening bell at Nasdaq as his company holds its IPO, Thursday, April 18, 2019, in New York. The videoconferencing company is headquartered in San Jose, Calif. (AP Photo/Mark Lennihan) There’s some tech jubilance in the air on Wall Street and in Silicon Valley as a pair of newly public companies—Zoom and Pinterest—are seeing their stocks soar on their first trading day. No one wants talk about a bubble, not to mention its prospects for bursting, but the strong initial performances might reassure investors with jittery nerves following Lyft’s disappointing start less than a month ago.Zoom Video Communications, which makes video conferencing technology people use for work, came out as a dark horse, (or dark unicorn, that is), its shares surging about 81% when it began trading. Pinterest Inc., a much better known company that serves as a digital pinboard for people who want to see wedding, meal-planning, home renovation and other ideas, jumped 25%.Dan Morgan, senior portfolio manager for Synovus Trust, said an initial uptick is a good sign.”It shows there is still strong demand in the tech sector,” he said.A strong share surge would be good news for Uber too, which is due to go public in the next few weeks along with other possible tech IPOS from Slack and Palantir.”There’s a lot coming down the pipe,” Morgan added.Other high-profile companies, such as Twitter and Snap, also had strong initial trading days but then saw their stock prices fall substantially in the subsequent months. Just three weeks ago, Uber’s smaller ride-hailing rival Lyft also did well on its first trading day before Wall Street pumped the brakes. Lyft is now trading nearly 20% below its initial public offering price. Zoom CEO Eric Yuan, left, talks with Nasdaq’s Executive Vice President Nelson Griggs, standing right, and Jay Heller, head of Nasdaq’s IPO Execution Team, prior to the opening price for Zoom, Thursday, April 18, 2019, in New York. The videoconferencing company is headquartered in San Jose, Calif. (AP Photo/Mark Lennihan) Citation: IPO mania: Zoom zooms, Pinterest pins down Wall Street (2019, April 18) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-04-ipo-mania-pinterest-surge-debuts.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Pinterest co-founder & CEO Ben Silbermann, left, and fellow co-founder and chief product officer Evan Sharp, pose for photos outside the New York Stock Exchange, Thursday, April 18, 2019, before the company’s IPO. (AP Photo/Richard Drew) Zoom CEO Eric Yuan, left, talks with Nasdaq’s Executive Vice President Nelson Griggs, standing right, and Jay Heller, head of Nasdaq’s IPO Execution Team, prior to the opening price for Zoom, Thursday, April 18, 2019, in New York. The videoconferencing company is headquartered in San Jose, Calif. (AP Photo/Mark Lennihan)center_img Explore further For all the cautionary tales, there are companies like payment processor Square, which went public at $9 per share, rose 45% on the first day of trading and now sell for around $70.San Francisco-based Pinterest is on track to raise more than $1.4 billion on its first day of trading. The company has more than 250 million monthly users. Revenue, mainly through advertising, reached $736 million last year and the company posted a loss of $63 million.Zoom, also based in San Francisco, is poised to raise more than $456 million through the sale of shares and a private placement. The company had $330 million in revenue last year and profit of $7.6 million, making it one of the few profitable technology companies going public this year. Pinterest sets conservative pricing after Lyft drop © 2019 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. Pinterest co-founder & CEO Ben Silbermann, left, and fellow co-founder and chief product officer Evan Sharp, pose for photos outside the New York Stock Exchange, Thursday, April 18, 2019, before the company’s IPO. (AP Photo/Richard Drew) Pinterest co-founder & CEO Ben Silbermann, center, and fellow co-founder and chief product officer Evan Sharp, second left, ring the New York Stock Exchange opening bell, Thursday, April 18, 2019, before the company’s IPO. At right is NYSE President Stacey Cunningham. (AP Photo/Richard Drew)last_img read more

This EagleNosed ShovelChinned Dinosaur May Be the Weirdest Thing You See Today

first_img Decades earlier, other scientists who examined the dinosaur’s skull thought that the nasal crest resembled that of another hadrosaurid, Gryposaurus. But despite the superficial similarities, Aquilarhinus proved to be a more primitive hadrosaurid than Gryposaurus, taking up a position at the very base of the group’s family tree. This hinted that the diverse shapes of hadrosaurid cranial crests all stemmed from a structure that began as a simple arched nose, Prieto-Márquez said. Aquilarhinus, aka eagle-nose shovel-chin, also provides a missing puzzle piece concerning where hadrosaurids may have originated. These dinosaurs were common across Europe, Asia, North and South America, and Antarctica during the latter part of the Cretaceous period (145.5 million to 65 million years ago), and the appearance of this primitive specimen supports an increasingly popular hypothesis that hadrosaurids first appeared in the southern part of North America, the study authors said. The findings were published online July 12 in the Journal of Systematic Palaeontology. Like other hadrosaurs, or duck-billed dinosaurs, Aquilarhinus had a bony crest on its skull. However, this dino had unique, shovel-like jaws. Credit: ICRA Art Photos: Duck-Billed Dinosaurs Found in Alaska Photos: School-Bus-Size Dinosaur Discovered in Egypt Originally published on Live Science.by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksYou May LikeVikings: Free Online GamePlay this for 1 min and see why everyone is addicted!Vikings: Free Online GameUndoTruthFinder People Search SubscriptionOne Thing All Liars Have in Common, Brace YourselfTruthFinder People Search SubscriptionUndohear.comThese German hearing aids are going viralhear.comUndoAncestryThe Story Behind Your Last Name Will Surprise YouAncestryUndoLivestlyThese Dog Breeds Do Not Make Good PetsLivestlyUndoGundry MD Total Restore SupplementU.S. Cardiologist: It’s Like a Pressure Wash for Your InsidesGundry MD Total Restore SupplementUndo Photos: Spiky-Headed Dinosaur Found in Utah, But It Has Asian Roots The lower jaw and teeth of Aquilarhinus, showing the unusual upturned end of the mandible. Credit: Photo by Albert Prieto- Marquez; material housed at the Texas Vertebrate Paleontology Collections at The University of Texas at Austin. That ridged, scooping chin likely came in handy millions of years ago; what is now a dry and rocky landscape in Texas was back then a coastal swamp or marsh. Aquilarhinus probably used its peculiar jaws to scoop vegetation from the bottom of a muddy creek bed, the researchers wrote. However, it’s less clear what the dinosaur’s prominent nasal crest was for, though it may have been used as a display to help the dinosaurs recognize members of their own kind and compete for mates, Prieto-Márquez said. “The crest of Aquilarhinus is simpler in structure than that of most other hadrosaurids, except members of kritosaurini (a subgroup of hadrosaurids),” he explained. “In both Aquilarhinus and kritosaurins for which the crest is known, this is just a fold of the nasal bone, giving them a Roman nose appearance.” A newfound duck-billed dinosaur species that lived about 80 million years ago had a face so bizarre that scientists named the animal “eagle-nose shovel-chin.” Its jaws resembled a pair of gardening tools, with wavy ridges along the edges in a “W” shape. An arching crest in the middle of its face was curved like the majestic beak of an eagle, giving the dinosaur’s profile the appearance of a prominent, humped nose. Scientists found the unusual fossil skull and a partial skeleton of the animal in the 1980s in Big Bend National Park, a site in southwestern Texas, though the specimen was not analyzed in detail until recently. The duck-billed weirdo shared some features in common with other duck-billed and crested dinosaurs, the group Saurolophidae, but it was more primitive, offering intriguing new clues about how the group’s trademark crests evolved, scientists reported in a new study. [Image Gallery: 25 Amazing Ancient Beasts]Headbutting Tiny Worms Are Really, Really LoudThis rapid strike produces a loud ‘pop’ comparable to those made by snapping shrimps, one of the most intense biological sounds measured at sea.Your Recommended PlaylistVolume 0%Press shift question mark to access a list of keyboard shortcutsKeyboard Shortcutsplay/pauseincrease volumedecrease volumeseek forwardsseek backwardstoggle captionstoggle fullscreenmute/unmuteseek to %SPACE↑↓→←cfm0-9接下来播放Why Is It ‘Snowing’ Salt in the Dead Sea?01:53 facebook twitter 发邮件 reddit 链接https://www.livescience.com/65937-shovel-chinned-dinosaur.html?jwsource=cl已复制直播00:0000:3500:35  Some dinosaurs’ scientific names invoke a sense of drama: Think of Tyrannosaurus rex (“tyrant lizard king”) or Velociraptor (“swift thief”). In this case, the researchers couldn’t resist calling out the dinosaur’s bizarre face. The genus name “Aquilarhinus” combines the Latin word “aquila,” for “eagle,” and the Greek word “rhinos,” which means “nose.” The species name “palimentus” comes from the Latin words for “shovel” and “chin,” according to the study. All known dinosaurs in this group (also called hadrosaurids) have beak-like jaws that expand at the end into a scoop shape, “hence the nickname ‘duck-billed’ dinosaurs,” said lead study author Albert Prieto-Márquez, a researcher with the Catalan Institute of Palaeontology Miquel Crusafont in Barcelona, Spain. “However, they differ from Aquilarhinus in that this ‘scoop’ is all concave. In contrast, in Aquilarhinus, there was a rise, a convex relief at the center of the ‘scoop,'” Prieto-Márquez told Live Science in an email.last_img read more

Remains of Napoleons OneLegged General Found Under Russian Dance Floor

first_img 19 of the World’s Oldest Photos Reveal a Rare Side of History Photos: Mass Graves Hold 17th-Century Prisoners of War Originally published on Live Science.by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksYou May LikeVikings: Free Online GamePlay this for 1 min and see why everyone is addicted!Vikings: Free Online GameUndoBeverly Hills MDPlastic Surgeon Reveals: “You Can Fill In Wrinkles At Home” (Here’s How)Beverly Hills MDUndoTruthFinder People Search SubscriptionOne Thing All Liars Have in Common, Brace YourselfTruthFinder People Search SubscriptionUndoDermalMedixDoctor’s New Discovery Makes Foot Calluses “Vanish”DermalMedixUndoKelley Blue Book2019 Lexus Vehicles Worth Buying for Their Resale ValueKelley Blue BookUndoBeach Raider24 Photos Of Shelter Dogs The Moment They Realize They’re Being AdoptedBeach RaiderUndo Records from the 1812 Russian invasion note that Gudin’s battlefield injuries required him to have his left leg amputated below the knee, Euronews reported. Indeed, the skeleton in the coffin was missing its left leg and showed evidence of injury to the right leg — details that were also mentioned in those records, the archaeologists said, according to Reuters. Moreover, it was “with a high degree of probability” that the remains the team uncovered belonged to an aristocrat and a military veteran of both the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic wars, they said, according to Reuters. “It’s a historic moment not only for me, but for I think for our two countries,” French historian and archaeologist Pierre Malinovsky, who helped find the remains, told the Smolensk newspaper Rabochiy Put (Worker’s Journey), according to Reuters. “Napoleon was one of the last people to see him alive, which is very important, and he’s the first general from the Napoleonic period that we have found.” The general has known living descendants, so researchers plan to test the skeleton for DNA. That way, they’ll be able to say for sure whether the remains are those of Gudin. Gudin, however, is hardly the only French fatality recently found in Russia. Earlier this year, scientists did a virtual facial reconstruction of a man in his 20s who was slashed in the face with a saber and died during the invasion of Russia. Photos: A 400-Year-Old War Grave Revealed An excavation in a peculiar place — under the foundation of a dance floor in Russia — has uncovered the remains of one of Napoleon Bonaparte’s favorite generals: a one-legged man who was killed by a cannonball more than 200 years ago, news sources report. Gen. Charles Etienne Gudin fought with Napoleon during the failed French invasion of Russia in 1812. On July 6 of this year, an international team of French and Russian archaeologists discovered what are believed to be his remains, in Smolensk, a city about 250 miles (400 kilometers) west of Moscow, according to Reuters. After his death at age 44 on Aug. 22, 1812, Gudin got star treatment. His name was inscribed on the Arc de Triomphe in Paris, his bust was placed at the Palace of Versailles, a Paris street was named after him and, as a sentimental gesture, his heart was removed from his body and placed in a chapel at the Père Lachaise Cemetery in Paris. [Photos: Archaeologists Excavate Battlefield from Napoleonic Wars] The researchers said that several clues suggested that the skeleton they found under the dance floor belongs to Gudin, who had known Napoleon since childhood. Both men attended the Military School in Brienne, in France’s Champagne region. Upon hearing of Gudin’s death, Napoleon reportedly cried and ordered that his friend’s name be engraved on the Arc de Triomphe, according to Euronews. A portrait of Charles Etienne Gudin, who fought in Napoleon’s Grande Armée. Credit: Photo12/UIG/Getty Images last_img read more

Rahul files nomination from Amethi

first_img COMMENT Congress president Rahul Gandhi on Wednesday filed his nomination for the Lok Sabha elections from this constituency with his entire family looking on. His mother Sonia Gandhi, sister Priyanka Gandhi Vadra and brother-in-law Robert Vadra were with him in the Collectorate when he filed his papers.The three-term MP will take on Union Minister and BJP candidate Smriti Irani in what is seen as a direct contest with the SP-BSP-RLD alliance taking the decision to not filed any candidate from the constituency, seen as a Congress bastion.Rahul Gandhi reached the Collectorate to file his papers after a roadshow through the town.It was the Gandhi family’s show of strength with the Congress president flanked by his sister, brother-in-law and their two children in the open truck.The three-term MP will take on Union Minister and BJP candidate Smriti Irani in the Lok Sabha election here, in a virtually direct contest as the SP-BSP-RLD alliance has decided not to put up any candidate here.Rahul Gandhi, who is also contesting from Wayanad in Kerala, had filed his nomination papers there on April 4.Amethi goes to the polls on May 6 in the fifth phase of the Lok Sabha elections, which begin on Thursday.For detailed coverage: Elections 2019 Rahul Gandhi files nomination in Wayanad RELATED Rahul’s Wayanad contest is an insult: Smriti Irani SHARE SHARE EMAIL File Photo of Congress president Rahul Gandhi.   –  The Hindu April 10, 2019center_img national elections Indian National Congress Published on SHARE COMMENTS Elections 2019last_img read more

Urgent need for judicial reforms in the country

first_imgSunil Kanoria, Vice-Chairman, Srei Infrastructure Debasish Bhaduri   –  Debasish Bhaduri government policy COMMENT SHARE  According to The Central government should push judicial reforms – both in terms of capacity and quality – to ensure economic development, said. Sunil Kanoria, Vice-Chairman, Srei Infrastructure.A majority of the economic reforms that have been undertaken by the Centre, such as GST and the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code (IBC), finally end up in court.This causes the entire economic activity to get clogged as the judiciary lacks the required capacity and quality.“Judiciary has become a major bottleneck in the economic development of the country today. All the laws have come in a manner that it gets converged in courts — whether it is IBC, arbitration or GST disputes. All economic activity wait at the doorstep of judiciary and everything converges there and this creates a bottleneck,” Kanoria told BusinessLine.Capacity building and quality of judiciary will help speed up cases pending resolution.Judiciary & accountabilityThe judiciary has to understand the “economic importance of their judgment”. Holding the judiciary responsible for the delays in the process of resolution of cases under IBC, he said, currently the judicial system only looks at the document and sees what needs to be done from the legal angle without looking at things in a context.Citing the example of Essar Steel, wherein the resolution process is yet to be complete due to pending litigation, he said, “Nearly ₹50,000 crore will come into the country and the banking system will get re-rated but it has been stuck and so has been many other cases……you need to have a judiciary that understands the economic importance of judgment.”Judiciary needs to be made accountable.The judiciary today only sees the law and not what impact it is likely to have on the economy, which they feel is the problem of the government.“There needs to be responsibility and accountability for the judiciary too. They are key stakeholders in our economy. So, they need to understand the economic impact of their judgment,” he said.Structural, financial reformsAccording to Kanoria, the country’s financial sector is going through a major turmoil and there is an urgent need for a major structural reform that will allow strengthening of the sector.The Centre had, in the last five years, brought about a number of policy changes — whether through bankruptcy law or by opening up of the banking system — thereby disrupting the entire environment.“Those (reforms) have a long-term positive impact but in the short and medium term it disrupts and brings in lot more challenges and that is what we are going through and as a result of that the entire financial sector has been badly bruised. So, when that happens, you also need a major structural reform to allow the financial sector to strengthen and grow forward. I am not seeing that happening,” he pointed out.The government should lay emphasis on enhancing capacity of the banking system instead of focusing on consolidation, which should be done in “good time”.Strengthening banks“At this juncture, consolidating banks is not the solution, the focus should be to strengthen banks. The banking system needs massive capitalisation and the banking system needs capacity building,” he said.Conversion of NBFCs into banks would help address the issue of capacity building to a great extent.Talking about the need for rationalisation of ownership pattern in the banking sector, he said, at a time when the country’s banks are in need of capital, the regulator should consider enhancing the individual shareholding limit to around 25 per cent from the current 5 per cent. June 25, 2019center_img COMMENTS courts and legal Published on Judiciary should understand the economic importance of a judgment: Sunil Kanoria SHARE SHARE EMAILlast_img read more

Fitting end to a great campaign

first_img {{category}} {{time}} {{title}} Related News KUCHING: The national #StandTogether Kindness Tour, which has recruited almost 3,000 students and teachers as “kindness ambassadors” in 13 states and two Federal Territories, has come to a close.It wrapped up yesterday after completing its last leg: a series of workshops in Sabah, Sarawak and Labuan.Its final stop saw around 200 students and teachers gathering at SMKA Sheikh Haji Othman Wahab, Kuching, and learning how to spot and prevent bullying.“It was really great to learn about the difference between an ‘upstander’ and a ‘bystander’. We found out how important it is to stop bullying instead of just watching it happen,” said SMK Batu Lintang student Jennifer Sharon Anakin Edwin, 16, whose school was one of those selected to participate in the Sarawak workshop. AdChoices广告“I can’t wait to get back to my school and present what we learned to all my schoolmates. Hopefully, this will make my school and community kinder,” she said.The workshops, organised by Digi with support from International Medical Uni­versity (IMU), aimed to foster kindness in the Malaysian school system by educating tea­chers and students on topics such as counselling, bullying prevention and student engagement.Students also raised concerns about the many young people who had experienced cyberbullying and shared their plans for becoming kindness ambassadors in their schools.SM Maktab Sabah student Mohammad Ya­­zid Aqeel, 16, whose school hosted the Sabah workshop, wants to start a peer mentoring group and encourages his school to participate in bullying and cyberbullying prevention programmes.“The most heartbreaking part is that there are bully victims who eventually become depressed and take their own lives,” said Yazid. “Many times, the bully has been picked on before as well, which is why we need to help them manage their emotions.”Teachers attended a separate session during the workshops, which encouraged them to come up with ideas on how to facilitate the students’ efforts in spreading kindness.SMK Lajau teacher Janet Rose Tanakinjal said the workshop also taught her to focus on the person rather than his actions, when it came to dealing with bullying in schools.“I plan to spread the word about kindness by acknowledging students’ good deeds, and teaching them the value of saying please and thank you. It won’t cost a sen but needs a lot of patience and understanding,” said Tana­kinjal, who attended the Labuan workshop in SK Pekan Satu.The Kindness Tours were an extension of the annual #StandTogether campaign initiated two years ago by R.AGE and SP Setia, along with partners such as Unicef Malaysia, Digi and 100% Project, with the aim of ending bullying in schools through promoting kindness.“One of the goals of SP Setia’s Caring School Programme is spreading kindness, and we are glad to see it has gained wider traction among the students and teachers through these workshops,” said Adelene Wong, head of SP Setia Group Branding and Commu­ni­cations.Students and teachers are also taught and given the resources to execute a condensed version of the awareness workshop in their own schools.“We hope that by raising students’ digital resilience, we will see them mitigating situations of cyberbullying by taking steps to protect themselves and creating an online community that is both kind and inclusive of other­­s,” said Philip Ling, Digi head of Sus­tainability.“Hopefully, this can be a sustainable target that’s continuously championed and driven by student leaders and ambassadors that we have trained.”For more updates and educational resour­ces from the #StandTogether campaign, go to standtogether.my. Nation 01 Jul 2019 Kindness Tour Hits the East Coast Nation 02 Jul 2019 Student Kindness Ambassadors take the lead to prevent bullying in their schools.center_img Nation 16 Apr 2019 Digi joins Kindness Week challenge Promoting kindness: (Fifth from left) SP Setia Group Branding and Communications manager Jocelyn Lee, (front row, grey shirt) Tuaran District Education Office counselling officer Stanley Missun, Sabah State Education Department’s Chief of Discipline Unit Ahmad Hakim Jaafar, Education Ministry’s Education Policy Planning and Research Division assistant director Nor Hisham Ismail with students and teachers at the Kota Kinabalu workshop. Related Newslast_img read more

Baseball5 seminar proves a big hit

first_imgA group shot of the coaching seminar participants in Klang. (Right) In high spirits at the event were (from left) See, Hazi and Low. THE Softball Asia Baseball5 coaching seminar held at Botanic Resort Club, Bukit Tinggi and SK Puala Indah in Klang proved a huge success and gave a clear indication that the sport is heading in the right direction.Held under the auspices of the World Baseball Softball Confederation (WBSC), the two-day event drew 63 participants who comprised teachers and coaches from various state associations and clubs, as well as Pakistan, Singapore and Vietnam.There was a general feeling of excitement and enthusiasm during and after the course that was conducted by instructors Ran Liu of China, Japan’s Ayako Rokkaku and Itsarapong Oyaree of Thailand. More importantly, before departing, the participants pledged to spread the sport in their respective regions. Related News “Thailand is interested in hosting the Asian championships early next year and we are excited about this,” said Low.“This sport is really in line with the International Olympic Committee’s (IOC) vision of being young and urban, and we are also working towards preparing Baseball5 as a showcase sport at the Tokyo Olympics.“We are also hoping that we can get Baseball5 into the next Youth Olympics which will be held in Dakar, Senegal in 2022.“With this, we aim to introduce Baseball5 at all levels here, especially in schools, colleges and universities, to popularise the game,” she added. Low said to develop and grow major sports, they must be easy to play, exciting, fast, inexpensive and with access to playgrounds.“Many (sports) have reduced their number of players in the game and taking them to exciting new grounds like the beach, open air, indoor courts, hard courts and the streets. And in a way, Baseball5 is like a street version for us.“I see no problems because it is an exciting game that can be played everywhere with just a ball, bases, a small area and just five players on a team,” she added.The regional supremo explained that Baseball5 was promoted by WBSC through the softball division.“Although many may mistake it for a baseball game because of the name and acronym B5, the name was actually coined by combining “base” (the bases used in the game), “ball” (one ball used) and “5” (five players).”Softball Association of Malaysia president See Kok Wooi said it would “definitely catch on” in schools and that there were plans to include it in the schools’ sports calendar.“First and foremost, on our agenda is to organise a national Baseball5 championship and we urge all our affiliates to familiarise themselves with the game and form their state team. So, for starters, the states can organise their state championship,” added See.SK Pulau Indah headmaster and former Selangor schools softball coach Hazi Kadir, who also played a key role at the seminar by offering the school facilities, said he planned to propose to the Education Ministry and Malaysian Schools Sports Council to include Baseball5 in the schools’ sports curriculum.All the participants at the event underwent a test and were presented with certificates of participation. {{category}} {{time}} {{title}} Tags / Keywords: Other Sport 1d ago Other Sports: Wushu exponents disarmed – no thanks to SEA Games organisers Community Sports 1d ago No guts, no glory Central Region , Baseball Baseball5 or B5 is an urban version of baseball and softball. It is a fast and energetic sport that follows the same principles of baseball and softball. It can be played almost anywhere and only requires a rubber ball.Played on a much smaller area than the conventional sport, with fewer players (just five), over a shorter period (10 to 15 minutes and five innings) and no equipment required except for a rubber ball, B5 is simple to get started with.It can be played on a hard court or field and is also a mixed gender game.Softball Asia president and WBSC secretary-general Datuk Low Beng Choo said at the coaching seminar, “The game may be new but it has caught on like wildfire in other parts of the world and there are already plans to stage an Asian Baseball5 championship to be used for qualification for the World Cup Baseball5. Football 2d ago Doping: CAS lifts Olympic ban on former Russian Sports Minister Mutko Related News In high spirits at the event were (from left) See, Hazi and Low.last_img read more

Karnataka crisis CM Kumaraswamy meets rebel Congress MLA Nagaraj

first_img Asian News International BengaluruJuly 13, 2019UPDATED: July 13, 2019 21:47 IST The Hoskote MLA Nagaraj and Chikballapur Congress MLA K Sudhakar had resigned from the Assembly on July 10. (Photo: ANI)Amid the ongoing political turmoil in Karnataka Chief Minister HD Kumaraswamy met rebel Congress MLA MTB Nagaraj at Congress Legislature Party (CLP) leader Siddaramaiah’s residence in Bengaluru on Saturday.Congress leader Zameer Ahmed Khan also present during the meeting.Earlier in the day, Nagaraj hinted about reconsidering his resignation after holding a meeting with party leader DK Shivakumar.”Situation was such that we submitted our resignations, but now DK Shivakumar and others came and requested us to withdraw resignations, I will speak to K Sudhakar Rao and then see what is to be done, after all, I have spent decades in Congress,” Congress MLA and state minister MTB Nagaraj said after a meeting at his residence.The Hoskote MLA Nagaraj and Chikballapur Congress MLA K Sudhakar had resigned from the Assembly on July 10.While Nagaraj made no clear announcement of taking back resignation, Shivakumar announced the same while speaking to media outside Nagaraj’s residence.Despite tendering their resignations, both Nagaraj and Sudhakar are still members of the Legislative Assembly as their resignations have yet not been accepted by the Speaker.Speaker KR Ramesh Kumar had ruled out accepting their resignations. “Two MLAs Dr K Sudhakar and MTB Nagaraj have resigned from the assembly. I have not accepted any resignation; I cannot do it overnight like that. I have given them time on 17th. I will go through the procedure and take a decision,” Kumar had said on July 10 while speaking to media persons in Bengaluru.Meanwhile, on Friday, the Supreme Court took up the pleas of 10 dissident MLAs and directed the speaker to maintain the status quo on their resignation and disqualification till July 16.The 13-month-old Congress-JD(S) government slumped into crisis following the resignation of 10 MLAs from the membership of the state Assembly last week.Also Read | Karnataka crisis: Congress MLA Nagaraj hints at reconsidering resignationAlso Watch | Nataka in Karnataka: Rahul Gandhi breaks his silence, says BJP using money power to topple govtsFor the latest World Cup news, live scores and fixtures for World Cup 2019, log on to indiatoday.in/sports. Like us on Facebook or follow us on Twitter for World Cup news, scores and updates.Get real-time alerts and all the news on your phone with the all-new India Today app. Download from Post your comment Do You Like This Story? Awesome! Now share the story Too bad. Tell us what you didn’t like in the comments Posted byShifa Naseer Tags :Follow Karnataka crisisFollow NagarajFollow Kumaraswamy Next Karnataka crisis: CM Kumaraswamy meets rebel Congress MLA NagarajKarnataka Chief Minister HD Kumaraswamy met rebel Congress MLA MTB Nagaraj at Congress Legislature Party (CLP) leader Siddaramaiah’s residence in Bengaluru on Saturday. Congress leader Zameer Ahmed Khan also present during the meeting.advertisementlast_img read more